By Raymond Bucher

The science involved in hydroponic gardening necessitates a solution that contains various nutrients essential to make plants grow. There are different kinds of systems that contribute to the efficacy of this system and that will be tackled later on but in the meantime let us address the question regarding the need to come up with this kind of complex system instead of the traditional way of growing plants through sticking a seed in the soil and eventually water it.

Hydroponic gardening actually has some advantages compared to the traditional process that we are quite familiar of. Being able to automate the entire system is the primary benefit of this process. Because of this system, one could easily grow plants without the need to spend too much time on various things such as applying the nutrients, lights and water pumps since the timers and computers will do the work for you. After having the system installed, what you only need to do is to replace the water every week or more often if you want. Being able to grow plants in a soil-less environment such as sand, perlite and fired clay balls is one good thing about this system. Going without any soil means that you no longer have to go through unnecessary process such as weeding and avoid pests at the same time. This is certainly a big help to people who can no longer bend over in a long period of time aside from being able to skip spraying pesticides on plants. In addition to this, hydroponic gardening is also friendly to the environment considering the fact that it only consumes 1/10th water compared to the traditional gardening method.

There are actually two primary advantage comprised in hydroponic gardening such as it effectively increases the harvest in a long span and it is also ideal for places with incompatible climates to the traditional gardening method to cultivate plants. When these two advantages are combined they will certainly contribute a lot to the society. Because of this system people can now grow their own garden no matter where they live whether they may be situated in huge cities, arid places, mountainous locations and even on deserts.


Solution and medium cultivation are the two chief types of hydroponic gardening. The solution type has three subcategories which are static, continuous and aeroponics aside from its characteristic wherein a medium that will grasp the roots is not used. The medium type on the other hand is further classified into two categories namely sub and top irrigation.

Static Culture

A container that is full of solution that has nutrients will be the place where tray of plants will float. In order to avoid deteriorating the roots, an aerator that is commonly used in an aquarium will be placed in the solution. Aside from that, the containers should be opaque or has a foil covering so that the growth of algae will be prevented.

Continuous Type of Solution

This literally means that the roots of the plants will be constantly irrigated with water. One of the most usual types of this technique involves a thin flowing water that contains nutrients which will pass through the dense channel of water of the plants. In this type of solution, the plants could easily grow since the roots of the plants could get the nutrients in the solution so easily as well as air considering that the water is shallow.

Aeroponics Type of Solution

The aeroponics system allows the roots of the plants to be constantly soaked in a solution vapor or with a thin stream of the solution. The best thing about this system is its adequate volume of aeration.

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